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hfsplus.c

/* hfsplus.c - HFS+ Filesystem.  */
/*
 *  GRUB  --  GRand Unified Bootloader
 *  Copyright (C) 2005,2006,2007,2008,2009  Free Software Foundation, Inc.
 *
 *  GRUB is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *  the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
 *  (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *  GRUB is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *  GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *  along with GRUB.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 */

/* HFS+ is documented at http://developer.apple.com/technotes/tn/tn1150.html */

#include <grub/err.h>
#include <grub/file.h>
#include <grub/mm.h>
#include <grub/misc.h>
#include <grub/disk.h>
#include <grub/dl.h>
#include <grub/types.h>
#include <grub/fshelp.h>
#include <grub/hfs.h>
#include <grub/charset.h>

#define GRUB_HFSPLUS_MAGIC 0x482B
#define GRUB_HFSPLUSX_MAGIC 0x4858
#define GRUB_HFSPLUS_SBLOCK 2

/* A HFS+ extent.  */
00038 struct grub_hfsplus_extent
{
  /* The first block of a file on disk.  */
  grub_uint32_t start;
  /* The amount of blocks described by this extent.  */
  grub_uint32_t count;
} __attribute__ ((packed));

/* The descriptor of a fork.  */
00047 struct grub_hfsplus_forkdata
{
  grub_uint64_t size;
  grub_uint32_t clumpsize;
  grub_uint32_t blocks;
  struct grub_hfsplus_extent extents[8];
} __attribute__ ((packed));

/* The HFS+ Volume Header.  */
00056 struct grub_hfsplus_volheader
{
  grub_uint16_t magic;
  grub_uint16_t version;
  grub_uint32_t attributes;
  grub_uint8_t unused1[12];
  grub_uint32_t utime;
  grub_uint8_t unused2[16];
  grub_uint32_t blksize;
  grub_uint8_t unused3[60];
  grub_uint64_t num_serial;
  struct grub_hfsplus_forkdata allocations_file;
  struct grub_hfsplus_forkdata extents_file;
  struct grub_hfsplus_forkdata catalog_file;
  struct grub_hfsplus_forkdata attrib_file;
  struct grub_hfsplus_forkdata startup_file;
} __attribute__ ((packed));

/* The type of node.  */
enum grub_hfsplus_btnode_type
  {
    GRUB_HFSPLUS_BTNODE_TYPE_LEAF = -1,
    GRUB_HFSPLUS_BTNODE_TYPE_INDEX = 0,
    GRUB_HFSPLUS_BTNODE_TYPE_HEADER = 1,
    GRUB_HFSPLUS_BTNODE_TYPE_MAP = 2,
  };

00083 struct grub_hfsplus_btnode
{
  grub_uint32_t next;
  grub_uint32_t prev;
  grub_int8_t type;
  grub_uint8_t height;
  grub_uint16_t count;
  grub_uint16_t unused;
} __attribute__ ((packed));

/* The header of a HFS+ B+ Tree.  */
00094 struct grub_hfsplus_btheader
{
  grub_uint16_t depth;
  grub_uint32_t root;
  grub_uint32_t leaf_records;
  grub_uint32_t first_leaf_node;
  grub_uint32_t last_leaf_node;
  grub_uint16_t nodesize;
  grub_uint16_t keysize;
  grub_uint32_t total_nodes;
  grub_uint32_t free_nodes;
  grub_uint16_t reserved1;
  grub_uint32_t clump_size;  /* ignored */
  grub_uint8_t btree_type;
  grub_uint8_t key_compare;
  grub_uint32_t attributes;
} __attribute__ ((packed));

/* The on disk layout of a catalog key.  */
00113 struct grub_hfsplus_catkey
{
  grub_uint16_t keylen;
  grub_uint32_t parent;
  grub_uint16_t namelen;
  grub_uint16_t name[30];
} __attribute__ ((packed));

/* The on disk layout of an extent overflow file key.  */
00122 struct grub_hfsplus_extkey
{
  grub_uint16_t keylen;
  grub_uint8_t type;
  grub_uint8_t unused;
  grub_uint32_t fileid;
  grub_uint32_t start;
} __attribute__ ((packed));

00131 struct grub_hfsplus_key
{
  union
  {
    struct grub_hfsplus_extkey extkey;
    struct grub_hfsplus_catkey catkey;
    grub_uint16_t keylen;
  };
} __attribute__ ((packed));

00141 struct grub_hfsplus_catfile
{
  grub_uint16_t type;
  grub_uint16_t flags;
  grub_uint32_t reserved;
  grub_uint32_t fileid;
  grub_uint8_t unused1[4];
  grub_uint32_t mtime;
  grub_uint8_t unused2[22];
  grub_uint16_t mode;
  grub_uint8_t unused3[44];
  struct grub_hfsplus_forkdata data;
  struct grub_hfsplus_forkdata resource;
} __attribute__ ((packed));

/* Filetype information as used in inodes.  */
#define GRUB_HFSPLUS_FILEMODE_MASK  0170000
#define GRUB_HFSPLUS_FILEMODE_REG   0100000
#define GRUB_HFSPLUS_FILEMODE_DIRECTORY   0040000
#define GRUB_HFSPLUS_FILEMODE_SYMLINK     0120000

/* Some pre-defined file IDs.  */
#define GRUB_HFSPLUS_FILEID_ROOTDIR 2
#define GRUB_HFSPLUS_FILEID_OVERFLOW      3
#define GRUB_HFSPLUS_FILEID_CATALOG 4

enum grub_hfsplus_filetype
  {
    GRUB_HFSPLUS_FILETYPE_DIR = 1,
    GRUB_HFSPLUS_FILETYPE_REG = 2,
    GRUB_HFSPLUS_FILETYPE_DIR_THREAD = 3,
    GRUB_HFSPLUS_FILETYPE_REG_THREAD = 4
  };

#define GRUB_HFSPLUSX_BINARYCOMPARE 0xBC
#define GRUB_HFSPLUSX_CASEFOLDING   0xCF

/* Internal representation of a catalog key.  */
00179 struct grub_hfsplus_catkey_internal
{
  int parent;
  char *name;
};

/* Internal representation of an extent overflow key.  */
00186 struct grub_hfsplus_extkey_internal
{
  grub_uint32_t fileid;
  grub_uint32_t start;
};

00192 struct grub_hfsplus_key_internal
{
  union
  {
    struct grub_hfsplus_extkey_internal extkey;
    struct grub_hfsplus_catkey_internal catkey;
  };
};



struct grub_fshelp_node
{
  struct grub_hfsplus_data *data;
  struct grub_hfsplus_extent extents[8];
  grub_uint64_t size;
  grub_uint32_t fileid;
  grub_int32_t mtime;
};

00212 struct grub_hfsplus_btree
{
  grub_uint32_t root;
  int nodesize;

  /* Catalog file node.  */
  struct grub_fshelp_node file;
};

/* Information about a "mounted" HFS+ filesystem.  */
00222 struct grub_hfsplus_data
{
  struct grub_hfsplus_volheader volheader;
  grub_disk_t disk;

  unsigned int log2blksize;

  struct grub_hfsplus_btree catalog_tree;
  struct grub_hfsplus_btree extoverflow_tree;

  struct grub_fshelp_node dirroot;
  struct grub_fshelp_node opened_file;

  /* This is the offset into the physical disk for an embedded HFS+
     filesystem (one inside a plain HFS wrapper).  */
  int embedded_offset;
  int case_sensitive;
};

static grub_dl_t my_mod;


/* Return the offset of the record with the index INDEX, in the node
   NODE which is part of the B+ tree BTREE.  */
static inline unsigned int
grub_hfsplus_btree_recoffset (struct grub_hfsplus_btree *btree,
                     struct grub_hfsplus_btnode *node, int index)
{
  char *cnode = (char *) node;
  grub_uint16_t *recptr;
  recptr = (grub_uint16_t *) (&cnode[btree->nodesize
                             - index * sizeof (grub_uint16_t) - 2]);
  return grub_be_to_cpu16 (*recptr);
}

/* Return a pointer to the record with the index INDEX, in the node
   NODE which is part of the B+ tree BTREE.  */
static inline struct grub_hfsplus_key *
grub_hfsplus_btree_recptr (struct grub_hfsplus_btree *btree,
                     struct grub_hfsplus_btnode *node, int index)
{
  char *cnode = (char *) node;
  unsigned int offset;
  offset = grub_hfsplus_btree_recoffset (btree, node, index);
  return (struct grub_hfsplus_key *) &cnode[offset];
}


/* Find the extent that points to FILEBLOCK.  If it is not in one of
   the 8 extents described by EXTENT, return -1.  In that case set
   FILEBLOCK to the next block.  */
static int
grub_hfsplus_find_block (struct grub_hfsplus_extent *extent,
                   int *fileblock)
{
  int i;
  grub_size_t blksleft = *fileblock;

  /* First lookup the file in the given extents.  */
  for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
    {
      if (blksleft < grub_be_to_cpu32 (extent[i].count))
      return grub_be_to_cpu32 (extent[i].start) + blksleft;
      blksleft -= grub_be_to_cpu32 (extent[i].count);
    }

  *fileblock = blksleft;
  return -1;
}

static grub_err_t
grub_hfsplus_btree_search (struct grub_hfsplus_btree *btree,
                     struct grub_hfsplus_key_internal *key,
                     int (*compare_keys) (struct grub_hfsplus_key *keya,
                                    struct grub_hfsplus_key_internal *keyb),
                     struct grub_hfsplus_btnode **matchnode, int *keyoffset);

static int grub_hfsplus_cmp_extkey (struct grub_hfsplus_key *keya,
                            struct grub_hfsplus_key_internal *keyb);

/* Search for the block FILEBLOCK inside the file NODE.  Return the
   blocknumber of this block on disk.  */
static grub_disk_addr_t
grub_hfsplus_read_block (grub_fshelp_node_t node, grub_disk_addr_t fileblock)
{
  struct grub_hfsplus_btnode *nnode = 0;
  int blksleft = fileblock;
  struct grub_hfsplus_extent *extents = &node->extents[0];

  while (1)
    {
      struct grub_hfsplus_extkey *key;
      struct grub_hfsplus_extkey_internal extoverflow;
      int blk;
      int ptr;

      /* Try to find this block in the current set of extents.  */
      blk = grub_hfsplus_find_block (extents, &blksleft);

      /* The previous iteration of this loop allocated memory.  The
       code above used this memory, it can be freed now.  */
      grub_free (nnode);
      nnode = 0;

      if (blk != -1)
      return (blk
            + (node->data->embedded_offset >> (node->data->log2blksize
                                       - GRUB_DISK_SECTOR_BITS)));

      /* For the extent overflow file, extra extents can't be found in
       the extent overflow file.  If this happens, you found a
       bug...  */
      if (node->fileid == GRUB_HFSPLUS_FILEID_OVERFLOW)
      {
        grub_error (GRUB_ERR_READ_ERROR,
                  "extra extents found in an extend overflow file");
        break;
      }

      /* Set up the key to look for in the extent overflow file.  */
      extoverflow.fileid = node->fileid;
      extoverflow.start = fileblock - blksleft;

      if (grub_hfsplus_btree_search (&node->data->extoverflow_tree,
                             (struct grub_hfsplus_key_internal *) &extoverflow,
                             grub_hfsplus_cmp_extkey, &nnode, &ptr))
      {
        grub_error (GRUB_ERR_READ_ERROR,
                  "no block found for the file id 0x%x and the block offset 0x%x",
                  node->fileid, fileblock);
        break;
      }

      /* The extent overflow file has 8 extents right after the key.  */
      key = (struct grub_hfsplus_extkey *)
      grub_hfsplus_btree_recptr (&node->data->extoverflow_tree, nnode, ptr);
      extents = (struct grub_hfsplus_extent *) (key + 1);

      /* The block wasn't found.  Perhaps the next iteration will find
       it.  The last block we found is stored in BLKSLEFT now.  */
    }

  grub_free (nnode);

  /* Too bad, you lose.  */
  return -1;
}


/* Read LEN bytes from the file described by DATA starting with byte
   POS.  Return the amount of read bytes in READ.  */
static grub_ssize_t
grub_hfsplus_read_file (grub_fshelp_node_t node,
                  void (*read_hook) (grub_disk_addr_t sector,
                                 unsigned offset, unsigned length,
                                 void *closure),
                  void *closure, int flags,
                  int pos, grub_size_t len, char *buf)
{
  return grub_fshelp_read_file (node->data->disk, node, read_hook, closure,
                        flags, pos, len, buf, grub_hfsplus_read_block,
                        node->size,
                        node->data->log2blksize - GRUB_DISK_SECTOR_BITS);
}

static struct grub_hfsplus_data *
grub_hfsplus_mount (grub_disk_t disk)
{
  struct grub_hfsplus_data *data;
  struct grub_hfsplus_btheader header;
  struct grub_hfsplus_btnode node;
  grub_uint16_t magic;
  union {
    struct grub_hfs_sblock hfs;
    struct grub_hfsplus_volheader hfsplus;
  } volheader;

  data = grub_malloc (sizeof (*data));
  if (!data)
    return 0;

  data->disk = disk;

  /* Read the bootblock.  */
  grub_disk_read (disk, GRUB_HFSPLUS_SBLOCK, 0, sizeof (volheader),
              &volheader);
  if (grub_errno)
    goto fail;

  data->embedded_offset = 0;
  if (grub_be_to_cpu16 (volheader.hfs.magic) == GRUB_HFS_MAGIC)
    {
      int extent_start;
      int ablk_size;
      int ablk_start;

      /* See if there's an embedded HFS+ filesystem.  */
      if (grub_be_to_cpu16 (volheader.hfs.embed_sig) != GRUB_HFSPLUS_MAGIC)
      {
        grub_error (GRUB_ERR_BAD_FS, "not a HFS+ filesystem");
        goto fail;
      }

      /* Calculate the offset needed to translate HFS+ sector numbers.  */
      extent_start = grub_be_to_cpu16 (volheader.hfs.embed_extent.first_block);
      ablk_size = grub_be_to_cpu32 (volheader.hfs.blksz);
      ablk_start = grub_be_to_cpu16 (volheader.hfs.first_block);
      data->embedded_offset = (ablk_start
                         + extent_start
                         * (ablk_size >> GRUB_DISK_SECTOR_BITS));

      grub_disk_read (disk, data->embedded_offset + GRUB_HFSPLUS_SBLOCK, 0,
                  sizeof (volheader), &volheader);
      if (grub_errno)
      goto fail;
    }

  /* Make sure this is an HFS+ filesystem.  XXX: Do we really support
     HFX?  */
  magic = grub_be_to_cpu16 (volheader.hfsplus.magic);
  if ((magic != GRUB_HFSPLUS_MAGIC) && (magic != GRUB_HFSPLUSX_MAGIC))
    {
      grub_error (GRUB_ERR_BAD_FS, "not a HFS+ filesystem");
      goto fail;
    }

  grub_memcpy (&data->volheader, &volheader.hfsplus,
      sizeof (volheader.hfsplus));

  if (grub_fshelp_log2blksize (grub_be_to_cpu32 (data->volheader.blksize),
                         &data->log2blksize))
    goto fail;

  /* Make a new node for the catalog tree.  */
  data->catalog_tree.file.data = data;
  data->catalog_tree.file.fileid = GRUB_HFSPLUS_FILEID_CATALOG;
  grub_memcpy (&data->catalog_tree.file.extents,
             data->volheader.catalog_file.extents,
             sizeof data->volheader.catalog_file.extents);
  data->catalog_tree.file.size =
    grub_be_to_cpu64 (data->volheader.catalog_file.size);

  /* Make a new node for the extent overflow file.  */
  data->extoverflow_tree.file.data = data;
  data->extoverflow_tree.file.fileid = GRUB_HFSPLUS_FILEID_OVERFLOW;
  grub_memcpy (&data->extoverflow_tree.file.extents,
             data->volheader.extents_file.extents,
             sizeof data->volheader.catalog_file.extents);

  data->extoverflow_tree.file.size =
    grub_be_to_cpu64 (data->volheader.extents_file.size);

  /* Read the essential information about the trees.  */
  if (grub_hfsplus_read_file (&data->catalog_tree.file, 0, 0, 0,
                        sizeof (struct grub_hfsplus_btnode),
                        sizeof (header), (char *) &header) <= 0)
    goto fail;

  data->catalog_tree.root = grub_be_to_cpu32 (header.root);
  data->catalog_tree.nodesize = grub_be_to_cpu16 (header.nodesize);
  data->case_sensitive = ((magic == GRUB_HFSPLUSX_MAGIC) &&
                    (header.key_compare == GRUB_HFSPLUSX_BINARYCOMPARE));

  if (grub_hfsplus_read_file (&data->extoverflow_tree.file, 0, 0, 0,
                        sizeof (struct grub_hfsplus_btnode),
                        sizeof (header), (char *) &header) <= 0)
    goto fail;

  data->extoverflow_tree.root = grub_be_to_cpu32 (header.root);

  if (grub_hfsplus_read_file (&data->extoverflow_tree.file, 0, 0, 0, 0,
                        sizeof (node), (char *) &node) <= 0)
    goto fail;

  data->extoverflow_tree.root = grub_be_to_cpu32 (header.root);
  data->extoverflow_tree.nodesize = grub_be_to_cpu16 (header.nodesize);

  data->dirroot.data = data;
  data->dirroot.fileid = GRUB_HFSPLUS_FILEID_ROOTDIR;

  return data;

 fail:

  if (grub_errno == GRUB_ERR_OUT_OF_RANGE)
    grub_error (GRUB_ERR_BAD_FS, "not a HFS+ filesystem");

  grub_free (data);
  return 0;
}

/* Compare the on disk catalog key KEYA with the catalog key we are
   looking for (KEYB).  */
static int
grub_hfsplus_cmp_catkey (struct grub_hfsplus_key *keya,
                   struct grub_hfsplus_key_internal *keyb)
{
  struct grub_hfsplus_catkey *catkey_a = &keya->catkey;
  struct grub_hfsplus_catkey_internal *catkey_b = &keyb->catkey;
  char *filename;
  int i;
  int diff;

  diff = grub_be_to_cpu32 (catkey_a->parent) - catkey_b->parent;
  if (diff)
    return diff;

  /* Change the filename in keya so the endianness is correct.  */
  for (i = 0; i < grub_be_to_cpu16 (catkey_a->namelen); i++)
    catkey_a->name[i] = grub_be_to_cpu16 (catkey_a->name[i]);

  filename = grub_malloc (grub_be_to_cpu16 (catkey_a->namelen) + 1);

  if (! grub_utf16_to_utf8 ((grub_uint8_t *) filename, catkey_a->name,
                      grub_be_to_cpu16 (catkey_a->namelen)))
    return -1; /* XXX: This error never occurs, but in case it happens
              just skip this entry.  */

  diff = grub_strncmp (filename, catkey_b->name,
                   grub_be_to_cpu16 (catkey_a->namelen));

  grub_free (filename);

  /* The endianness was changed to host format, change it back to
     whatever it was.  */
  for (i = 0; i < grub_be_to_cpu16 (catkey_a->namelen); i++)
    catkey_a->name[i] = grub_cpu_to_be16 (catkey_a->name[i]);
  return diff;
}

/* Compare the on disk extent overflow key KEYA with the extent
   overflow key we are looking for (KEYB).  */
static int
grub_hfsplus_cmp_extkey (struct grub_hfsplus_key *keya,
                   struct grub_hfsplus_key_internal *keyb)
{
  struct grub_hfsplus_extkey *extkey_a = &keya->extkey;
  struct grub_hfsplus_extkey_internal *extkey_b = &keyb->extkey;
  int diff;

  diff = grub_be_to_cpu32 (extkey_a->fileid) - extkey_b->fileid;

  if (diff)
    return diff;

  diff = grub_be_to_cpu32 (extkey_a->start) - extkey_b->start;
  return diff;
}

static char *
grub_hfsplus_read_symlink (grub_fshelp_node_t node)
{
  char *symlink;
  grub_ssize_t numread;

  symlink = grub_malloc (node->size + 1);
  if (!symlink)
    return 0;

  numread = grub_hfsplus_read_file (node, 0, 0, 0, 0, node->size, symlink);
  if (numread != (grub_ssize_t) node->size)
    {
      grub_free (symlink);
      return 0;
    }
  symlink[node->size] = '\0';

  return symlink;
}

static int
grub_hfsplus_btree_iterate_node (struct grub_hfsplus_btree *btree,
                         struct grub_hfsplus_btnode *first_node,
                         int first_rec,
                         int (*hook) (void *record, void *closure),
                         void *closure)
{
  int rec;

  for (;;)
    {
      char *cnode = (char *) first_node;

      /* Iterate over all records in this node.  */
      for (rec = first_rec; rec < grub_be_to_cpu16 (first_node->count); rec++)
      {
        if (hook (grub_hfsplus_btree_recptr (btree, first_node, rec), closure))
          return 1;
      }

      if (! first_node->next)
      break;

      if (grub_hfsplus_read_file (&btree->file, 0, 0, 0,
                          (grub_be_to_cpu32 (first_node->next)
                           * btree->nodesize),
                          btree->nodesize, cnode) <= 0)
      return 1;

      /* Don't skip any record in the next iteration.  */
      first_rec = 0;
    }

  return 0;
}

/* Lookup the node described by KEY in the B+ Tree BTREE.  Compare
   keys using the function COMPARE_KEYS.  When a match is found,
   return the node in MATCHNODE and a pointer to the data in this node
   in KEYOFFSET.  MATCHNODE should be freed by the caller.  */
static grub_err_t
grub_hfsplus_btree_search (struct grub_hfsplus_btree *btree,
                     struct grub_hfsplus_key_internal *key,
                     int (*compare_keys) (struct grub_hfsplus_key *keya,
                                    struct grub_hfsplus_key_internal *keyb),
                     struct grub_hfsplus_btnode **matchnode, int *keyoffset)
{
  grub_uint64_t currnode;
  char *node;
  struct grub_hfsplus_btnode *nodedesc;
  int rec;

  node = grub_malloc (btree->nodesize);
  if (! node)
    return grub_errno;

  currnode = btree->root;
  while (1)
    {
      int match = 0;

      /* Read a node.  */
      if (grub_hfsplus_read_file (&btree->file, 0, 0, 0,
                          (long)currnode * (long)btree->nodesize,
                          btree->nodesize, (char *) node) <= 0)
      {
        grub_free (node);
        return grub_error (GRUB_ERR_BAD_FS, "couldn't read i-node");
      }

      nodedesc = (struct grub_hfsplus_btnode *) node;

      /* Find the record in this tree.  */
      for (rec = 0; rec < grub_be_to_cpu16 (nodedesc->count); rec++)
      {
        struct grub_hfsplus_key *currkey;
        currkey = grub_hfsplus_btree_recptr (btree, nodedesc, rec);

        /* The action that has to be taken depend on the type of
           record.  */
        if (nodedesc->type == GRUB_HFSPLUS_BTNODE_TYPE_LEAF
            && compare_keys (currkey, key) == 0)
          {
            /* An exact match was found!  */

            *matchnode = nodedesc;
            *keyoffset = rec;

            return 0;
          }
        else if (nodedesc->type == GRUB_HFSPLUS_BTNODE_TYPE_INDEX)
          {
            grub_uint32_t *pointer;

            /* The place where the key could have been found didn't
             contain the key.  This means that the previous match
             is the one that should be followed.  */
            if (compare_keys (currkey, key) > 0)
            break;

            /* Mark the last key which is lower or equal to the key
             that we are looking for.  The last match that is
             found will be used to locate the child which can
             contain the record.  */
            pointer = (grub_uint32_t *) ((char *) currkey
                                 + grub_be_to_cpu16 (currkey->keylen)
                                 + 2);
            currnode = grub_be_to_cpu32 (*pointer);
            match = 1;
          }
      }

      /* No match is found, no record with this key exists in the
       tree.  */
      if (! match)
      {
        *matchnode = 0;
        grub_free (node);
        return 1;
      }
    }
}

00715 struct grub_hfsplus_iterate_dir_closure
{
  grub_fshelp_node_t dir;
  int (*hook) (const char *filename,
             enum grub_fshelp_filetype filetype,
             grub_fshelp_node_t node,
             void *closure);
  void *closure;
  int ret;
};

static int
list_nodes (void *record, void *closure)
{
  struct grub_hfsplus_iterate_dir_closure *c = closure;
  struct grub_hfsplus_catkey *catkey;
  char *filename;
  int i;
  struct grub_fshelp_node *node;
  struct grub_hfsplus_catfile *fileinfo;
  enum grub_fshelp_filetype type = GRUB_FSHELP_UNKNOWN;

  catkey = (struct grub_hfsplus_catkey *) record;

  fileinfo =
    (struct grub_hfsplus_catfile *) ((char *) record
                             + grub_be_to_cpu16 (catkey->keylen)
                             + 2 + (grub_be_to_cpu16(catkey->keylen)
                                  % 2));

  /* Stop iterating when the last directory entry is found.  */
  if (grub_be_to_cpu32 (catkey->parent) != c->dir->fileid)
    return 1;

  /* Determine the type of the node that is found.  */
  if (grub_be_to_cpu16 (fileinfo->type) == GRUB_HFSPLUS_FILETYPE_REG)
    {
      int mode = (grub_be_to_cpu16 (fileinfo->mode)
              & GRUB_HFSPLUS_FILEMODE_MASK);

      if (mode == GRUB_HFSPLUS_FILEMODE_REG)
      type = GRUB_FSHELP_REG;
      else if (mode == GRUB_HFSPLUS_FILEMODE_SYMLINK)
      type = GRUB_FSHELP_SYMLINK;
      else
      type = GRUB_FSHELP_UNKNOWN;
    }
  else if (grub_be_to_cpu16 (fileinfo->type) == GRUB_HFSPLUS_FILETYPE_DIR)
    type = GRUB_FSHELP_DIR;

  if (type == GRUB_FSHELP_UNKNOWN)
    return 0;

  /* Make sure the byte order of the UTF16 string is correct.  */
  for (i = 0; i < grub_be_to_cpu16 (catkey->namelen); i++)
    {
      catkey->name[i] = grub_be_to_cpu16 (catkey->name[i]);

      /* If the name is obviously invalid, skip this node.  */
      if (catkey->name[i] == 0)
      return 0;
    }

  filename = grub_malloc (grub_be_to_cpu16 (catkey->namelen) + 1);
  if (! filename)
    return 0;

  if (! grub_utf16_to_utf8 ((grub_uint8_t *) filename, catkey->name,
                      grub_be_to_cpu16 (catkey->namelen)))
    {
      grub_free (filename);
      return 0;
    }

  filename[grub_be_to_cpu16 (catkey->namelen)] = '\0';

  /* Restore the byte order to what it was previously.  */
  for (i = 0; i < grub_be_to_cpu16 (catkey->namelen); i++)
    catkey->name[i] = grub_be_to_cpu16 (catkey->name[i]);

  /* hfs+ is case insensitive.  */
  if (! c->dir->data->case_sensitive)
    type |= GRUB_FSHELP_CASE_INSENSITIVE;

  /* Only accept valid nodes.  */
  if (grub_strlen (filename) == grub_be_to_cpu16 (catkey->namelen))
    {
      /* A valid node is found; setup the node and call the
       callback function.  */
      node = grub_malloc (sizeof (*node));
      node->data = c->dir->data;

      grub_memcpy (node->extents, fileinfo->data.extents,
               sizeof (node->extents));
      node->mtime = grub_be_to_cpu32 (fileinfo->mtime) - 2082844800;
      node->size = grub_be_to_cpu64 (fileinfo->data.size);
      node->fileid = grub_be_to_cpu32 (fileinfo->fileid);

      c->ret = c->hook (filename, type, node, c->closure);
    }

  grub_free (filename);

  return c->ret;
}

static int
grub_hfsplus_iterate_dir (grub_fshelp_node_t dir,
                    int (*hook) (const char *filename,
                               enum grub_fshelp_filetype filetype,
                               grub_fshelp_node_t node,
                               void *closure),
                    void *closure)
{
  struct grub_hfsplus_key_internal intern;
  struct grub_hfsplus_btnode *node;
  int ptr;
  struct grub_hfsplus_iterate_dir_closure c;

  /* Create a key that points to the first entry in the directory.  */
  intern.catkey.parent = dir->fileid;
  intern.catkey.name = "";

  /* First lookup the first entry.  */
  if (grub_hfsplus_btree_search (&dir->data->catalog_tree, &intern,
                         grub_hfsplus_cmp_catkey, &node, &ptr))
    return 0;

  c.dir = dir;
  c.hook = hook;
  c.closure = closure;
  c.ret = 0;
  /* Iterate over all entries in this directory.  */
  grub_hfsplus_btree_iterate_node (&dir->data->catalog_tree, node, ptr,
                           list_nodes, &c);

  grub_free (node);

  return c.ret;
}

/* Open a file named NAME and initialize FILE.  */
static grub_err_t
grub_hfsplus_open (struct grub_file *file, const char *name)
{
  struct grub_hfsplus_data *data;
  struct grub_fshelp_node *fdiro = 0;

  grub_dl_ref (my_mod);

  data = grub_hfsplus_mount (file->device->disk);
  if (!data)
    goto fail;

  grub_fshelp_find_file (name, &data->dirroot, &fdiro,
                   grub_hfsplus_iterate_dir, 0,
                   grub_hfsplus_read_symlink, GRUB_FSHELP_REG);
  if (grub_errno)
    goto fail;

  file->size = fdiro->size;
  data->opened_file = *fdiro;
  grub_free (fdiro);

  file->data = data;
  file->offset = 0;

  return 0;

 fail:
  if (data && fdiro != &data->dirroot)
    grub_free (fdiro);
  grub_free (data);

  grub_dl_unref (my_mod);

  return grub_errno;
}


static grub_err_t
grub_hfsplus_close (grub_file_t file)
{
  grub_free (file->data);

  grub_dl_unref (my_mod);

  return GRUB_ERR_NONE;
}


/* Read LEN bytes data from FILE into BUF.  */
static grub_ssize_t
grub_hfsplus_read (grub_file_t file, char *buf, grub_size_t len)
{
  struct grub_hfsplus_data *data =
    (struct grub_hfsplus_data *) file->data;

  int size = grub_hfsplus_read_file (&data->opened_file, file->read_hook,
                             file->closure, file->flags,
                             file->offset, len, buf);

  return size;
}

00920 struct grub_hfsplus_dir_closure
{
  int (*hook) (const char *filename,
             const struct grub_dirhook_info *info,
             void *closure);
  void *closure;
};

static int
iterate (const char *filename,
       enum grub_fshelp_filetype filetype,
       grub_fshelp_node_t node, void *closure)
{
  struct grub_hfsplus_dir_closure *c = closure;
  struct grub_dirhook_info info;
  grub_memset (&info, 0, sizeof (info));
  info.dir = ((filetype & GRUB_FSHELP_TYPE_MASK) == GRUB_FSHELP_DIR);
  info.mtimeset = 1;
  info.mtime = node->mtime;
  info.case_insensitive = !! (filetype & GRUB_FSHELP_CASE_INSENSITIVE);
  grub_free (node);
  return c->hook (filename, &info, c->closure);
}

static grub_err_t
grub_hfsplus_dir (grub_device_t device, const char *path,
              int (*hook) (const char *filename,
                         const struct grub_dirhook_info *info,
                         void *closure),
              void *closure)
{
  struct grub_hfsplus_data *data = 0;
  struct grub_fshelp_node *fdiro = 0;
  struct grub_hfsplus_dir_closure c;

  grub_dl_ref (my_mod);

  data = grub_hfsplus_mount (device->disk);
  if (!data)
    goto fail;

  /* Find the directory that should be opened.  */
  grub_fshelp_find_file (path, &data->dirroot, &fdiro,
                   grub_hfsplus_iterate_dir, 0,
                   grub_hfsplus_read_symlink, GRUB_FSHELP_DIR);
  if (grub_errno)
    goto fail;

  c.hook = hook;
  c.closure = closure;
  /* Iterate over all entries in this directory.  */
  grub_hfsplus_iterate_dir (fdiro, iterate, &c);

 fail:
  if (data && fdiro != &data->dirroot)
    grub_free (fdiro);
  grub_free (data);

  grub_dl_unref (my_mod);

  return grub_errno;
}


static grub_err_t
grub_hfsplus_label (grub_device_t device __attribute__((unused))
                , char **label __attribute__((unused)))
{
  /* XXX: It's not documented how to read a label.  */
  return grub_error (GRUB_ERR_NOT_IMPLEMENTED_YET,
                 "reading the label of a HFS+ "
                 "partition is not implemented");
}

/* Get mtime.  */
static grub_err_t
grub_hfsplus_mtime (grub_device_t device, grub_int32_t *tm)
{
  struct grub_hfsplus_data *data;
  grub_disk_t disk = device->disk;

  grub_dl_ref (my_mod);

  data = grub_hfsplus_mount (disk);
  if (!data)
    *tm = 0;
  else
    *tm = grub_be_to_cpu32 (data->volheader.utime) - 2082844800;

  grub_dl_unref (my_mod);

  grub_free (data);

  return grub_errno;

}

static grub_err_t
grub_hfsplus_uuid (grub_device_t device, char **uuid)
{
  struct grub_hfsplus_data *data;
  grub_disk_t disk = device->disk;

  grub_dl_ref (my_mod);

  data = grub_hfsplus_mount (disk);
  if (data)
    {
      *uuid = grub_xasprintf ("%016llx",
                       (unsigned long long)
                       grub_be_to_cpu64 (data->volheader.num_serial));
    }
  else
    *uuid = NULL;

  grub_dl_unref (my_mod);

  grub_free (data);

  return grub_errno;
}


struct grub_fs grub_hfsplus_fs =
  {
    .name = "hfsplus",
    .dir = grub_hfsplus_dir,
    .open = grub_hfsplus_open,
    .read = grub_hfsplus_read,
    .close = grub_hfsplus_close,
    .label = grub_hfsplus_label,
    .mtime = grub_hfsplus_mtime,
    .uuid = grub_hfsplus_uuid,
#ifdef GRUB_UTIL
    .reserved_first_sector = 1,
#endif
    .next = 0
  };

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